Mahomet Founder of Islam – Islamic Origins

This book is unusual in that the writer is able to write about such a divisive issue in an impartial fashion, seeking to snake through the mystique and myths that have evoked relating to Muhammad over the millennia. Sometimes she compliments him, other times she criticizes him. The author also compares and contrasts the differences between Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.

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Mahomet is more similar to the ancient Hebrew prophets than to Christian rulers or saints. His thoughts were like theirs in its denunciation of other religions, and in its adoration of one God. This fundamental doctrine was already accepted in other nations, and their construct of belief in one God was such that further improvement of belief remained possible to them. The ideology of Islam prevents it from evolving, because its structure doesn’t permit such concepts as divine incarnation, spiritual immanence, and the fatherhood of God. It was content to have one article of faith: “There is no God but God.” the upshot as to Mahomet’s divine selection as a Prophet being a confirmation of obedience to the specific condition of faith he instituted.

The history of Islam concerns the political, social, economic and cultural developments of Islamic civilization. Most historians accept that Islam originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century AD. Muslims regard Islam as a return to the original faith of the prophets, such as Jesus, Solomon, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam, with the submission (Islam) to the will of God.

Religious conflicts played a significant part in the political crisis that existed in Arabia. Judaism became the predominant theology of the Himyarite Kingdom in Yemen after 380, as Christianity began to spread in the Persian Gulf. A need for a more divine religion grew and the decision of one’s religion turned into an individual instead of a communal matter. Though many were hesitant to switch to a different religion, those convictions afforded the major academic and spiritual points of reference, and Jewish and Christian loanwords from Aramaic supplanted the traditional pagan terminology of Arabic in the peninsula. Hanif, seekers, looked for a different doctrinal viewpoint to replace polytheism, focusing on the all-mighty god (Allah) whom they associated with the Jewish Yahweh and the Christian Jehovah. They saw Mecca as a dedication to this religious conviction, founded by Abraham.

Prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca around the year 570. His household were a part of the Quraysh, the preeminent clan of Mecca who were very influential throughout western Arabia. The polytheistic Kaaba temple in Mecca and the neighboring territory was a favored pilgrimage stop, which had substantial monetary impact on the city.

Muhammad was accustomed to Jewish doctrines and observances, and was familiar with the Hanif. Like the Hanif, Muhammad practiced Tahannuth, spending time in solitude at mount Hira and disavowing paganism. When he was around 40 years old, he received divine revelations from the angel Gabriel at mount Him’. These revelations would later make up the Quran. These revelations prompted him to profess a monotheistic belief, as an expression of the prophetic attitude previously asserted in Judaism and Christianity; to warn his adherents of the imminent Judgement Day; and to rebuke the social inequalities in Mecca. Muhammad’s message gained a few supporters, but was greeted with much opposition from dignitaries of Mecca. In 622, after a loss of security from the death of his distinguished uncle Abu Talib, Muhammad fled Mecca and went to the city of Yathrib (later named Medina) where he was joined by his worshipers. Subsequent generations consider this milestone moment, identified as the hijra, as the birth of the Islamic era.

In Yathrib, Muhammad established the basis of the new Islamic society, assisted by new Quranic verses which provided direction on matters of legislation and religious observance. The surahs of this time highlighted his elevation among the Biblical prophets, but also separated the message of the Quran from Christianity and Judaism. Armed conflict with Meccans and Jewish people of the Yathrib area soon started. In 629, after a sequence of military encounters and political maneuvers, Muhammad would take control of Mecca and devotion of the Quraysh. Up to the time of his death in 632, tribal chiefs across the peninsula joined into numerous pacts with him, some through feelings of alliance, others professing his prophethood and agreeing to adhere to Islamic practices, including paying the alms levy to his regime, which comprised several aides, a group of followers, and a treasury fund.

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