A History of Indian Philosophy, Volume 1
The old civilization of India was a concrete unity of many-sided developments in art, architecture, literature, religion, morals, and science so far as it was understood in those days. But the most important achievement of Indian thought was philosophy. It was regarded as the goal of all the highest practical and theoretical activities, and it showed the point of unity amidst all the apparent diversities which the complex growth of culture over a vast area inhabited by different peoples produced.
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms
“A Record of Buddhist Kingdoms” by Faxian (translated by James Legge). — Being an Account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of Travels in India and Ceylon (Ad 399-414) in Search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline, is one of the most important sources for reconstructing life and conditions of the times. Though brief, his account of the general characteristics and tendencies of Gupta imperial administration is precious. Likewise, the account also gives a fair deal of information on the religious usages and practices and is invaluable for the graphic information it provides about Buddhism in India, Central Asia, and Ceylon. Equally interesting and useful is the thrilling account of the perilous sea-voyage to South-East Asia and his journey through Central Asia to India.
Buddhism and Buddhists in China
Buddhism is a religion that must be viewed from many angles. Its original form, as preached by Gautama in India and developed in the past years succeeding, and as embodied in the sacred literature of early Buddhism, is not representative of the actual Buddhism of any land today. The faithful student of Buddhist literature would be as far removed from understanding the working activities of a busy center of Buddhism in Burmah, Tibet or China today as a student of patristic literature would be from appreciating the Christian life of London or New York City.
Buddhism, like Christianity, has been affected by national conditions. It has developed at least three markedly distinct types, requiring, therefore, as many distinct volumes of this series for its fair interpretation and presentation. The volume on the Buddhism of Southern Asia by Professor Kenneth J. Saunders was published in May 1923; this volume on the Buddhism of China by Professor Hodous will be the second to appear; Dr. R. C. Armstrong, to write a third on the Buddhism of Japan, will be published in 1924. Each of these is needed in order that there would be a student of Buddhism as practiced in those countries should be given a true, impressive, and friendly picture of what he will meet.
Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch Volume 1
Sir Charles Eliot sets out to explain and demystify the Hindu and Buddhist traditions, beliefs and cultures for a Western audience. His explanations – which are clear, readable and accessible – are derived from decades spent living in Asia and the Far East as a diplomat and administrator. Independently researching the religions of these localities was both his pastime and an attempt at understanding the deep-seated traditions held for thousands of years by the local peoples.
We begin the first volume with a lengthy introduction, whereby Eliot lays out his intentions for his ambitious work. Following this, Eliot examines the earliest manifestations of faith in ancient India and Eastern Asia. The Vedic belief system holds interest, while it also examines the traditions of meditation and asceticism.
Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch Volume 2
Volume II includes the famous story of the Buddha and his upbringing, the manner in which Buddhist monks live and adhere to their faith day-to-day, the phenomena of the Boddhisatva, and the origins of Shiva and Vishnu as two of the most iconic deities of Hinduism. The manner in which it relates Hinduism to the social class and caste system of India is extensively explored, as is the extent to which Islamic and it amalgamated Hindu beliefs over centuries.
Although the title alludes only to Hinduism and Buddhism, Eliot also makes extensive allusions to Jainism and Islam. He is keen to note the fact that the spread and contest over influence of peoples to a large extent intertwine the histories of all the religions of the East.
Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch Volume 3
Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch (Volumes 1, 2, and 3) explain and introduce two of the world’s major religions in a digestible, intriguing manner. Charles Eliot’s writing style rarely strays to dryness, and each chapter remains close to its stated subject. There are few examples of religious studies as embracing and well-researched as Sir Charles Eliot’s, immersed as he was in the cultures of the East. The book is logically divided into topical chapters, each of which concerns specific subjects or figures significant to the Hindu or Buddhist religion, or both. Distinct types of faith lead Eliot to draw distinctions; the specific between Pali Buddhism for example occupies much of this first volume.
The Dawn and the Day
From the preface: To those who have read so much about agnostic Buddhism, and about Nirvana meaning annihilation, it may seem bold in me to present Buddha as an undoubting believer in the fundamental truths of all religion, and as not only a believer in a spiritual world but an actual visitor to its sad and blissful scenes; but the only agnosticism I have been able to trace to Buddha was a want of faith in the many ways invented through the ages to escape the consequences of sin and to avoid the necessity of personal purification, and the only annihilation he taught and yearned for was the annihilation of self in the highest Christian sense, and escape from that body of death from which the Apostle Paul so earnestly sought deliverance.
The Dhammapada Buddha A Collection of Verses Being One of the Canonical Books of the Buddhists Translated by F. Max Muller. The Dhammapada is a collection of sayings of the Buddha in verse form and one of the most widely read and best-known Buddhist scriptures. The original version of the Dhammapada is in the Khuddaka Nikaya, a division of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism. The Buddhist scholar and commentator Buddhaghosa explains that each saying recorded in the collection was made on a unique occasion in response to a unique situation that had arisen in the life of the Buddha and his monastic community. His commentary, the Dhammapada Atthakatha, presents the details of these events and is a rich source of legend for the life and times of the Buddha.
The Essence of Buddhism
The author disclaims any attempt to set forth a corpus of Buddhistic morality and doctrine, nor would anything of the kind be possible within such narrow limits. The collection had illustrated this compassionateness of Gautama, if nothing else, would render it precious to possess and fruitful to use.
Although Buddhism has been an important cultural force in the East for thousands of years, the tenets of this religion and belief system were unknown throughout much of the West until the twentieth century. In this volume, Haldeman-Julius presents a comprehensive overview of Buddhist belief, doctrine, and practice in an introductory format designed to appeal to Western readers.
The Life of Buddha and Its Lessons
A brief treatise on the ancient life of Buddha, and analysis of Buddhist thought – building toughness, reconciliation, kindness, a fraternity of all men. Against that scenery is also stabilize, detachment, conceptions of whimsical earth and self-control and self-purification. Olcott was a theosophist, so the work shows that view. It is a classic and entertaining piece on the life and teachings of one of the prominent educators of all time.
The Religion of the Samurai
This 1913 book, one of the first works on Zen written in the English language, examines the Zen mode of meditation, which is virtually unchanged from the practices of the pre-Buddhistic recluses of India and discusses the intensely personal aspects of this branch of Buddhism, which stresses the passing of wisdom through teachers rather than Scripture. Ardently spiritual and beautifully reflective, this splendid book will be treasured by all seekers of the divine. KAITEN NUKARIYA was a professor at Kei-o-gi-jiku University and So-to-shu Buddhist College, Tokyo.
Wisdom of the East
“Wisdom of the East” comprises an English translation of Jodo-Wasan. This work is by Shinran Shonin, the 10th-century Japanese monk who founded Shin Buddhism.
It is a singular fact that though many of the earlier Buddhist Scriptures have been translated by competent scholars, comparatively little attention has been paid to later Buddhist devotional writings, and this although the developments of Buddhism in China and Japan give them the deepest interest as reflecting the spiritual mind of those two great countries. They cannot, however, be understood without some knowledge of the faith which passed so entirely into their life that in its growth it lost some of its own infant traits and took on others, rooted in the beginnings in India, but expanded and changed as the features of the child may be forgotten in the man’s face and yet perpetuate the unbroken succession of heredity.