Early Pennsylvanian Quakers were recognized for their honesty in social and economic matters. Many Quakers worked in manufacturing or business, because they were not permitted to earn academic degrees. These Quaker businessmen were prosperous because people trusted them. The customers understood that Quakers had a deep conviction to set a reasonable price for goods and not to quibble over prices. They likewise knew that Quakers were devoted to quality work, and that what they produced would be worth the cost. At the same time that Friends were becoming successful in manufacturing and business and were emigrating to different areas, they were becoming more involved in social issues and more active in society at large.
Dr. Bacon is to cover the entire field and to show in one connected view the origin and progress of the Christian forces that have operated so beneficently in American society. To this task the author has brought the learning, sense of proportion, and catholicity of spirit. The story reads like a romance. It opens with the swift advance and sudden downfall of the Spanish missions, succeeded by a French success more wide and rapid and a French failure not less sudden and complete. Then in a period extending through a century and more, permanent Christian colonization takes place in Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, New England, the Middle Colonies, and Georgia, under the leadership of Anglicans, Liberal Catholics, Huguenots, Dutch colonists, Swedish Lutherans, Quakers, Pilgrims, and Puritans.
‘A History of the Moravian Church, ‘ by J. E. Hutton, offers a very broad yet detailed history of this admirable religious movement. Hutton includes the doctrinal stance of the present day Moravian church, which shows the long-term affect of the historical views and teachings of their founder, Count Zinzendorf. Their dedication is admirable, though their stance is a little confusing since they adhered to the Augsburg Confession (affirming both Lutheran and Anglican views) while considering themselves members of neither church. Interestingly, the Augsburg Confession denounces the Ana-Baptist theology regarding the sacraments. The Moravian church emphasizes experiential Christianity, inner feelings and revelations and outward emotional raptures.
“I do not pretend to elevate my sentiments above those of others, but I relate what has been my experience and that of others, and the advantage which I have found in this simple manner of going to God. If this book treats of nothing else but the short and easy method of prayer, it is because, being written only for that, it cannot speak of other things., if it be read in the spirit in which it has been written, there will be found nothing in it to shock the mind. Those who will make the experience of it will be the most certain of the truth which it contains.” -J. M. B. DE LA MOTHE GUYON.
“Luther’s treatise demanded nothing less than a breach with the whole of prevalent religious views and must have been perceived as the discovery of a new world, though it was only a return to the clear teaching of the New Testament Scriptures concerning the way of salvation. This, too, accounts because in this writing the accusation is more impressively repelled than before, that the doctrine of justification by faith alone resulted in moral laxity, and that the fundamental importance of righteousness by faith for the whole moral life is revealed in such a heart-refreshing manner. Luther’s appeal in this treatise to kings, princes, the nobility, municipalities and communities, to declare against the misuse of spiritual powers and to abolish various abuses in civil life, marks this treatise as a forerunner of the great Reformation writings, which appeared in the same year (1520), while his espousal of the rights of the “poor man”—to be met with here for the first time—shows that the Monk of Wittenberg, coming from the narrow limits of the convent, had an intimate and sympathetic knowledge of the social needs of his time. Thus he proved by his own example that to take a stand in the center of the Gospel does not narrow the vision nor harden the heart, but produces courage in the truth and sympathy for many miseries.
We deem it proper to state, that, though the following Treatise of Christian Union appears in nearly all the collected editions of BUNYAN’S WORKS, yet its genuineness has been called in question by the Rev Mr. Philip in his admirable work, “The Life and Times of Bunyan.” Without here entering into this question, we have separately appended it to the works of Bunyan in this volume, and trust that it will not prove unacceptable to our readers, especially considering the efforts that are now being made to promote the living union of all true Christians who hold the one Lord, the one faith, and the one baptism.
Endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
Beloved, religion is the great bond of human society; and it were well if itself were kept within the bond of unity; and that it may so be, let us, according to the text, use our utmost endeavors “to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.”
These words contain a counsel and a caution: the counsel is, That we endeavor the unity of the Spirit; the caution is, That we do it in the bond of peace; as if I should say, I would have you live in unity, but yet I would have you to be careful that you do not purchase unity with the breach of charity.
Let us, therefore, be cautious that we do not so press after unity in practice and opinion as to break the bond of peace and affection.
The wise Solomon says in Proverbs 11: “The people who withhold grain curse him. But there is a blessing on those who sell it.” This verse speaks truly concerning all that can serve the common good or the well-being of Christendom. This is the reason the master in the gospel reprimands the unfaithful servant like a lazy scoundrel for having hidden and buried his money in the ground. So it might avoid this curse of the Lord and the entire Church, I must publish this letter which came into my possession through a good friend. I could not withhold it, as there has been much discussion about the translating of the Old and New Testaments. It has been charged by the despisers of truth that the text has been modified and even falsified in many places, which has shocked and startled many simple Christians, even among the educated who do not know any Hebrew or Greek. It is devoutly hoped that with this publication the slander of the godless will be stopped and the scruples of the devout removed. It may even give rise to more writing on such matters and questions such as these. So I ask all friends of the Truth to seriously take this work to heart and faithfully pray to God for a proper understanding of the divine Scriptures towards the improvement and increase of our common Christendom. Amen.
George Thomas Daly was a Catholic leader who worked in Eastern Canada, but was asked to move to Western Canada to spread the religion. In this work, he discusses the desire to spread Catholicism westward across the country, and the complexities of Canada, the changing politics and dynamics of the world, advancing modernity, and what Canadian identity means. Daly was very concerned about the spread of Bolshevism. Daly focuses on the Catholic Church Extension Society and its attempts to spread Catholicism, particularly in isolated areas. This work discusses Canadianization and how to intertwine a Catholic identity. Daly claims that people can unite regardless of their race or ethnicity, but does not acknowledge the harmful practices that mechanizing has on erasing identity and culture. The work is significant in understanding Catholicism in Canada, and the development of the country. This edition is dedicated to Judy Rich Lauder.
In presenting this modest volume to the public, I wish to call the attention of my readers to the following facts. Firstly, my humble work is a work of love—love simple and unalloyed for the venerable Spanish Missionaries of California and for the noble sons and daughters of Spain who gave such a glorious beginning and impetus to our state. Being a direct descendant of pioneer Spaniards of Monterey, I take a particular interest in California’s early history and development and as my family were staunch friends of the Missionary Fathers and in a position to know the state of affairs of those times, and to family tradition I have added authentic knowledge from reading the earliest archives of San Carlos Mission, as well as other historical references, I feel I can fearlessly vouch for the truthfulness of my little work.
“Christianity and Islam” was written by one of the leading scholars of Islam in the last century, Carl Heinrich Becker. In this book, he explores the historical correlations between the religions by highlighting the connections between the two doctrines. He focuses on the rise of Islam and its impact on the Christianity of that period. In the book, he examines what Muhammad knew of Christianity and the position of Christians under Islam. Looking at their similarities, he concludes that metaphysically the doctrines are not that different and that both religions influence each other. Noting aspects of the daily life and doctrinal viewpoint of Islam, Becker compares these to Christian life and outlooks. Emerging outlooks at the time showed just how much these religions influenced each other.
Martin Luther’s most comprehensive work on justification by faith, his commentary on St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians is translated and edited from Latin into a lively style, paralleling his spoken lectures. Combined with the passion and faith expressed in these lectures, the biblical foundation for the crucial doctrine of justification is underscored and expressed to a fresh audience.
The commentary is also a historical document, a recording of a professor in a classroom in 1531 from July to December of that year, which expresses the Reformer’s commitment to the good news of Jesus’ death in the sinner’s place, challenging the reader/listeners to compare St. Paul’s theology with what he/she hears in the church today.
Martin Luther became pastor of the congregation at Wittenberg in 1515. He used this opportunity to enlighten his congregation on faith and works. Luther challenged the Pope by saying that the Bible was the ultimate authority, not the Pope. Luther preached his conviction that faith alone not wonderful works is our salvation. Wonderful works are special only if they accompany faith. Wonderful works are of value when they come from God. Of all of Luther’s writings, he felt that this was his favorite. Luther said that Paul’s letters influence his Protestantism more than any other part of the Bible.
Martin Luther (1483–1546) was a German priest and professor of theology who started the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God’s punishment of sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517. His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his ex-communication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the emperor. They persuaded Luther to make a last-minute effort at reconciliation, and it is in this context that Luther wrote Concerning Christian Liberty.
Luther taught that salvation is not earned by good deeds but received only as a gift of God’s grace through faith in Jesus as a redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority of the pope of the Roman Catholic Church by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood.
This book is written. Its authoress is a gifted daughter of the Church, well known in literary and educational circles. During a protracted sojourn in Europe she enjoyed unusual facilities for studying the deaconess work as carried on in many places, and particularly in the institutions founded by Pastor Fliedner at Kaiserswerth in Prussia, and in those at Mildmay in England. She has also made a thorough and discriminating study of the subject as developed in the early centuries of the Church and in the Middle Ages.
The book itself will amply reveal these facts, and cannot but contribute largely to the guidance of the newly revived interest of the American churches in the far-reaching question how Christian women may best serve their Lord in serving the humanity which he has redeemed.
Deuterocanonical books of the Bible are works recognized by the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodoxy to be canonical parts of the Christian Old Testament but were not included in the Hebrew Bible. The word deuterocanonical is a Greek term that means ‘belonging to the second canon’. The literal meaning of the word is misleading, but it does highlight the reluctance with which these works were admitted into the canon by some.
The “Doctrina Christiana,” dated to 1593, is one of the first books produced in the European tradition in the Philippines, and the only known extant copy in the world can be found in the Lessing J. Rosenwald Collection in the Rare Book and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress. This unique title has been digitized and is available to all for viewing online.
Printed by a Chinese printer in Manila under the auspices of Dominican clergy, both in the Spanish and Tagalog languages, the “Doctrina” embodies the meeting of cultures, worldviews, technologies, and languages. This catechism, printed in both Romanized and local Baybayin scripts, was shaped not only by missionaries—some of whom had experience interacting with indigenous populations in Mexico prior to arrival in Manila and also extensive dealings with Chinese—but also by local interpreters, teachers and craftsmen. In this sense, the “Doctrina” was both local and global. The work reminds us of the deep ties that bind the Philippines and the Americas. To celebrate this history, the Embassy of the Philippines and Principalia Sa Bulalacao held a viewing of the “Doctrina” on October 28 at the Library of Congress.
The Douay–Rheims Bible, also known as the Rheims–Douai Bible or Douai Bible, is a translation of the Latin Vulgate, which is itself a translation from Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts. Douay-Rheims was the first English translation of the Catholic Bible. Its purpose was to uphold Catholic tradition in counter to the Protestant Reformation, which dominated Elizabethan religion and academic debate. It was an effort by English Catholics to support the Counter-Reformation.
Expositions of Holy Scripture by Alexander Maclaren is a collection of over 1,500 expository sermons arranged as a Bible commentary. Expositions is also known as “Alexander MacLaren’s Commentary” However, though organized by verse, Expositions is teaching material. MacLaren’s sermons usually take the form of three-point expositions.
Modules of Alexander Maclaren’s Expositions of Holy Scripture contains sermons from Genesis through 2 Corinthians.
“Called the ‘prince of expositors,’ Alexander Maclaren was a renowned preacher of the 19th and 20th century. Expositions of Holy Scripture brings together many of the sermons over his fifty years in ministry. Although it discusses many different books and passages of the Bible, Expositions of Holy Scripture isn’t a commentary in the fullest sense–for example, MacLaren doesn’t comment on every verse. Rather, these volumes are MacLaren’s powerful sermons, arranged by the text of the sermons. Broadly evangelical in nature, MacLaren’s sermons are not historical–rarely referring to the current events of his day–allowing them to retain their interest and power since he first gave them. Expositions of Holy Scriptures is thus highly practical and lively. It makes a wonderful companion to more textually oriented commentaries. To read Expositions of Holy Scripture is to be in the presence of one of the greatest preachers of the last few centuries.” — Tim Perrine, CCEL Staff Writer
This book is part of the TREDITION CLASSICS. It contains classical literature works from over two thousand years. Most of these titles have been out of print and off the bookstore shelves for decades. The book series is intended to preserve the cultural legacy and to promote the timeless works of classical literature. Readers of a TREDITION CLASSICS book support the mission to save many of the amazing works of world literature from oblivion. With this series, tredition intends to make thousands of international literature classics available in printed format again – worldwide.
Written in the 19th century, it is cloyingly sentimental and outrageously Christian. In the first story, a “fat gentleman” gives starving little orphan Fanny a half-sovereign instead of a sixpence. When she discovers that he has accidentally given her more money (20x as much, for those of us what don’t know their crazy moon currency) she runs after him and gives it back. He’s like ho ho ho, thanks little girl—here’s the sixpence I owed you. You don’t get a reward, because you only did your Christian duty and to reward you for only doing your duty would be silly. And she’s like, oh, I guess I’ll just starve in the street then. And all the other street people are like, wow, what a wise man! He sure showed her not to break the 10th commandment!
Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners is the spiritual autobiography of Bunyan, the traveling thinker who became the eminent preacher and author. It is in the genre of Augustine’s Confessions and Thomas a Kempis’s Imitation of Christ. Written in 1666, Grace Abounding chronicles Bunyan’s spiritual journey from a profane life filled with cursing, blasphemy, and Sabbath desecration to a new creation in Christ Jesus.
In Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners, John Bunyan recounts his inner thoughts as he grappled with his faith. Bunyan takes us through the struggle of his own sin and how grace led him from a conflicted conscience to a powerful preacher of the gospel. Modern listeners will find encouragement in Bunyan’s remedies for his own troubled conscience, as well as hope that God has used so greatly a man who struggled so deeply.
“God created man to live in relation with the world of things, with himself, and with his fellow-men, and to live in these relationships in such a way that he will… grow in his relationship with God,” writes Dr. Howe in this meaningful book. He describes the true significance of Christian fellowship and how it can come about and exist. Living responsibly by giving ourselves to one another—parent to child, child to parent, pastor to congregation, congregation to one another, church to the world—only in living out the Word of God’s love in human relationships can we experience the love of God.
Dr. Howe wrote this book at the request of the Division of Christian Education and the Division of Evangelism of the American Baptist Convention. It grew out of a series of lectures he presented at a national conference on Christian education at Green Lake, Wis., on the subject, “Growth in the Christian Fellowship.”
It is intended that this book be used in study groups such as parent groups or parent-teacher groups. Pastors and students of the church will gain new insights from it. Any individual who is truly interested in the Christian life will find that it is addressed to him.
Reverend John Van Nest Talmage (1819-1892) (born Somerville, New Jersey), was a Protestant Christian missionary to Amoy, China. The Reformed Church sent him in America from 1847 to 1890. His younger brother Thomas De Witt Talmage was also a clergyman, and his family, within the Reformed tradition, migrated to North America from the Netherlands. They also descended on him from the original settlers of South Hampton on his father’s side and were originally from England. They memorialize him in the classic work Forty Years in China, a biography. Amongst his other works are History and Ecclesiastical Relations of the Churches of the Presbyterial Order at Amoy, China (1863), The Anti-Missionary Movement in South China (1871) and Chinese-English Dictionary (1885).
Marcus Dods’ splendid work, “How To Become Like Christ” has become a favorite of many deeply devoted Christians throughout the past century and a half. His writing is captivating and replete with many quotable statements. The author mixes deep theological truths with very practical instruction. If you are like many who read this work, it will be life changing.
“But we all, with unveiled face reflecting as a mirror the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.” 2 COR. iii. 18 (Revised Version).
There is almost no one who would deny, if we put it to him, that the greatest attainment a man can make in this world is likeness to The Lord Jesus Christ. No one would deny that there is nothing but character that we can carry out of life with us, and that our prospect of good in any future life will vary with the resemblance of our character to that of Jesus Christ, which is to rule the whole future. We all admit that; but almost every one of us offers to himself some apology for not being like Christ and has scarcely any simple reality of aim of becoming like Him.
We have only one life to live, only one. Think of this for a moment. Here we are in this world of time, making the journey of life. Each day we are farther from the cradle and nearer the grave. Solemn thought. See the mighty concourse of human lives; hear their heavy tread in their onward march. Some are just beginning life’s journey; some are midway up the hill, some have reached the top, and some are midway down the western slope. But where are we all going? Listen, and you will hear but one answer—”Eternity.” Beyond the fading gleams of the sunset of life lies a boundless, endless ocean called Eternity. Thitherward you and I are daily traveling.
The mission of this little volume is to strengthen and energize and help you spend life as you should. May it please the Great Teacher, who has promised to “show us the path of life,” to bless this little work and by it help someone to a pure and noble life and to the accomplishment of all God’s design in giving them life.
Books about Mysticism discuss the practice of religious ecstasies, the search for ultimate or hidden truths, and the transformation of humans to a spiritually elevated state of being. THE PRECURSORS OF THE GERMAN MYSTICS TO most English readers the “Imitation of Christ” is representative of medieval German mysticism. In reality, however, this beautiful little treatise belongs to a period when that movement had nearly spent itself. Thomas a Kempis, as Dr. Bigg has said, was only a semi-mystic. He tones down the most characteristic doctrines of Eckhart, who is the great original thinker of the German mystical school, and seems in some ways to revert to an earlier type of devotional literature. The “Imitation” might be described as an idealized picture of monastic piety, drawn when the life of the cloister no longer filled a place of unchallenged usefulness in the social order of Europe. To find German mysticism at its strongest we must go back a full hundred years, and to understand its growth we must retrace our steps as far as the great awakening of the thirteenth century—the age of chivalry in religion—the age of St. Louis, of Francis and Dominic, of Bonaventura and Thomas Aquinas. It was a vast revival, bearing fruit in a new ardor of pity and charity, and in healthy freedom of thought.
Luther’s Little Instruction Book: The Small Catechism of Martin Luther. Translation by Robert E. Smith. Luther’s Small Catechism is a catechism written by Martin Luther and published in 1529 for the training of children.
Small Catechism is the abridged version of Luther’s Large Catechism. Written in the traditional catechism form of a question accompanied by an answer, these brief Q and As explain the backbone of Lutheran theology. The question asked for every part of the Ten Commandments, Apostle’s Creed, and Lord’s prayer is “What does this mean?” while the sections on the sacraments comprise questions like “What does baptism give?” and “How can bodily consuming and ingesting do such outstanding things?” The book is a rapid and useful guide to frequent practices in the Lutheran church and is exceptionally used as a reference or for memorization.
This sermon is designed and undertaken that it might be an instruction for children and the simple-minded. Hence of old, it was called in Greek catechism, i.e., instruction for children, what every Christian must need to know, so he who does not know this could not be numbered with the Christians nor be admitted to any Sacrament, just as a mechanic who does not understand the rules and customs of his trade is expelled and considered incapable.
Into the home of an interesting but self-centered family in old France comes Paula, a young orphaned cousin, from the tiny village of Villar, in the Waldensian Valley. Though living tending cows, goats, sheep, and rabbits, it has brought Paula up to know and love the Lord Jesus and read the Scriptures. Her Lord and His Word are the centers of her life, and she can no more keep this good news all to herself than she can stop breathing or eating. This causes a good many complications, for her cousins’ home was one where “religion” was a forbidden subject, never to be mentioned, and Paula soon found herself forbidden to read her own precious Bible.
Paula’s loving obedience, her happy friendliness and charm, her overflowing love for everyone she meets, win the hearts of all, family and neighbors alike, and cause many a change in that little French village on the road from Rouen to Darnetal.
This book was originally written in French by Eva Lecomte, Translated into Spanish, and then into English.
In every Samoan household the day is closed with prayer and the singing of hymns. Omitting this sacred duty would show, not only a lack of religious training in the house chief, but a shameless disregard of all that is reputable in Samoan social life. Too many, the evening service is only a duty fulfilled. The child who says his prayer at his mother’s knee can have no real conception of the meaning of the words he lisps so readily, yet he goes to his little bed with a sense of heavenly protection that he would miss were the prayer forgotten. The average Samoan is but a larger child in most things, and would lay an uneasy head on his wooden pillow if he had not joined, even perfunctorily, in the evening service. With my husband, prayer, the direct appeal, was a necessity. When he was happy he felt impelled to offer thanks for that undeserved joy; when in sorrow, or pain, to call for strength to bear what we must bear?
Here is a wonderful book about Jesus- who He really is and why God sent Him to this planet. With stimulating imagination, Gordon paints a remarkable portrait of this Jesus, the Man from Galilee. You will see Him as you have never seen Him before and understand Him more wonderfully than you ever thought possible. This classic writing describes His love, His mercy, and His plan for you as the unique object of his “wooing” love. You can actually feel His presence within as you read the yearning of His heart for you. Quiet Talks About Jesus, originally written in 1906, is one of the first books in the popular Quiet Talks series.
Everything depends on getting Jesus placed. That lies at the root of all—living, serving, preaching, teaching. John had Jesus placed. He had Him up in His own place. This settles everything else. Then one gets himself placed, too, up on a level where the air is clear and bracing, the sun warm, and the outlook both steadying and stimulating. Get the centre fixed and things quickly adjust themselves about it to your eyes.
It will be seen quickly that this little book makes no pretension to being a commentary on, or an exposition of, John’s Gospel. That is left to the scholarly folk who eat their meals in the sacred classical languages of the past. It is a homely attempt to let out a little of what has been sifting in these years past of this wondrous miniature Bible from John’s pen.
S.D. Gordon’s first book, Quiet Talks on Prayer, offers several insights for readers serious about training themselves in the art and necessity of the spiritual weapon of prayer. First published in 1904, Prayer may come across to many readers today as antiquated in both its illustrations—for example Gordon’s discussions of both electricity (Gordon, 14) and coaling stations (56)—and its verbiage. This does not detract, however, from the wealth of information and advice Gordon shares throughout his book. While the beginning of Prayer comes as more of a struggle than a journey, the attentive reader will soon become engrossed in Gordon’s wisdom, and he will truly sense the voice of the author as he quietly talks about this topic so evidently dear to his heart. The rest of this paper will look closely at some positive aspects and one questionable point regarding prayer from Gordon’s book, both gleaned from the perspective of a reader seeking to improve his effectiveness in prayer.
S.D. Gordon’s Quiet Talks on Service is filled with riveting stories and examples explaining and supporting Christian service. Each chapter focuses on a unique side of service that applies to Christians in all walks of life.
In the inimitable and admired style that made S.D. Gordon famous, he explores the creative force unleashed in the quiet place of prayer. More than a book about prayer, it is a book that will inspire prayer. Gordon leads the weary prayer warrior out of the habitual and forced patterns of prayer into a realm where prayer comes to life as the Spirit of God activates it.
This book focuses on the Crowned Christ of Revelation. It presents The Lord Jesus as the Crowned King of the Universe, it displays the Lord in his full glory for all to behold. Samuel Dickey (S.D.) Gordon has written a series of Quiet Talks, classics each, yet so relevant for today’s Christian believer.
Crowning the Christ is practical whether taken in the personal sense or the world sense. He was crowned in the upper world with wondrous patience and graciousness. The initiative of all action today on the earth is in man’s hands. Someday the initiative of governing action on the earth will be in the hands of the crowned Christ, even while the personal initiative of each man’s life will still be in his own hands.
One of Martin Luther’s works from his multitude of writings is titled Table Talk. It includes observations he made while at table with colleagues and friends. Luther did not write Table Talk, but it contains his words as it copied them down by some of those who heard his off-the-cuff comments while enjoying food from his wife Katherine’s hearth. A problem with some of his remarks, because he was shooting from the hip and, well, because he was Luther, is that they are what might be called crude.
In these Selections every paragraph stands unabridged, exactly as it was translated by Captain Bell; and there has been no other purpose governing the choice of matter than a resolve to make it as true a presentment as possible of Luther’s mind and character.
Charles Sainte-Foi sees the value of women in society. He sees their virtues as essential to a Christian life. He talks of the stages of a woman’s development and the dangers and evils that may befall her. Sainte-Foi describes these stages “We behold her on the threshold of childhood a tiny, timid and retiring creature, naturally disposed to attach her affections to all that is pure and elevated, to everything that conduces to the practice of virtue and the love of God. While yet a child, she is the little confidante and angel of consolation of her brothers and sisters in their pains and difficulties. At a more advanced age we see her consoling her aged parents in their sorrows and afflictions; and when she merges into womanhood, she becomes either the spouse of Jesus Christ or of man, only to continue the same work of beneficence in some charitable asylum, or amid domestic cares. But ere she attains this last stage of life how many and great are the difficulties that she must encounter, the dangers to which she will be exposed, and the snares to entrap her!” Sainte-Foi says it is essential for a woman to have a steady advisor and friend to teach her and keep her away from harm.
The King James Bible (KJB) is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, commissioned in 1604 and completed and published in 1611 under the sponsorship of James VI. The original King James Version included all the books in the Septuagint, including 14 books of the Apocrypha, but changed to the 66 books, 39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament, included today. They translated the New Testament from Greek, the Old Testament from Hebrew and Aramaic, and the Apocrypha from Greek and Latin.
From the end of the thirteenth to the beginning of the fifteenth century may be called the golden age of mystical literature in the vernacular. In Germany, we find Mechthild of Magdeburg (d. 1277), Meister Eckhart (d. 1327), Johannes Tauler (d. 1361), and Heinrich Suso (d. 1365); in Flanders, Jan Ruysbroek (d. 1381); in Italy, Dante Alighieri himself (d. 1321), Jacopone da Todi (d. 1306), St. Catherine of Siena (d. 1380), and many lesser writers who strove, in prose or in poetry, to express the hidden things of the spirit, the secret intercourse of the human soul with the Divine, no longer in the official Latin of the Church, but in the language of their own people, “a man’s own vernacular,” which “is nearest to him, because it is most closely united to him.” In England, the prominent names of Richard Rolle, the Hermit of Hampole (d. 1349), of Walter Hilton (d. 1396), and of Mother Juliana of Norwich, whose Revelation of Divine Love professedly date from 1373, speak for themselves.
From its inception, the Christian Church has had a reciprocal relationship with empires and royal authority. Christianity developed within the Roman Empire; they constructed it amid persecution and martyrdom by imperial power.
The medieval and early modern times saw notions of empire as both a speculative system of rulership and a political-theological order. This included notions of papal dominium through universal authority and Christ/the pope as dominus mundi – and developing perceptions of ‘regnal imperialism’, with ‘the king as emperor in his own kingdom’.
The Confessions of St. Augustine has a special place among the world’s greatest books. It has ever been a favourite Christian study. As Augustine tells his life story, he reveals how you can find the way to rest securely in Jesus, discern good from evil, avoid false spiritual pursuits, and know the will of God. Here is the timeless conflict between good and evil, portrayed through the life of one man who found spiritual growth and unshakable faith. Just as Augustine did, you can experience the unspeakable joy of being pure and righteous before God, regardless of your past. This version translated, with an introduction and notes, by Dr. E. B. Pusey, an English churchman and Regius Professor of Hebrew at Christ Church, Oxford.
The Covenants, Sermons, and Papers in this volume carry the readers back to some of the brightest periods of Scottish history. They mark important events in that great struggle by which these three kingdoms were emancipated from the despotisms of Pope, Prince, and Prelate, and inheritance of liberty secured for these Islands of the Sea. The whole achievements of the heroes of the battlefields are comprehended under that phrase of Reformers and Martyrs, “The Covenanted Work of Reformation.” The attainments of those stirring times were bound together by the Covenants, as by rings of gold.
The most important prayer that the Church offers to Almighty God after the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the Officium Divinum, or Divine Office, contained in a liturgical book called the Breviarium Romanum, or Roman Breviary. In fact, the Mass is part of the Divine Office, and they are so intertwined in the public liturgy of the Church that one is incomplete without the other. This same Office is chanted by monks in traditional monasteries and nuns in traditional convents and is recited by members of lay orders and devout Catholic faithful. To give praise and glory to God throughout the hours of the day in the name of the Church, it places the clergy under the duty of praying it daily. From this, it is called the Office, the word in this sense coming from the Latin word officium, meaning duty. It divides the Divine Office into eight Hours, according as God is to be praised continuously throughout the hours of the day. If one observes the ancient times, Matins and Lauds are prayed before sunrise. Prime, Terce, Sext, and None are prayed during the first, third, sixth, and ninth hours of daylight. it says Vespers as dusk falls, followed by Compline, which completes the day and the cycle of hours. However, the Hours may be said at one’s convenience.
This is the story of the expedition in 1769, whose aim was the political and spiritual conquest of the great Northwest coast of the Pacific. Among the members of the expedition was the now famous Father Junipero Serra, who was significant in establishing the Famous Missions of California.
William Henry Hudson (1862 – 1918) was Professor of English Literature at Stanford University. In July 1769, a group of men came from San Fernandez de Villicata to the Bay of San Diego. Their goal was the political and spiritual conquest of the great Northwest coast of the Pacific. Carlos III hoped “to establish the Catholic faith among many heathen people, submerged in the obscure darkness of paganism, and to extend the dominion of the King, our Lord, and protect this peninsula from the ambitious views of foreign nations.” For nearly nineteen years after his arrival in Mexico, Father Junipero was engaged in active missionary work, mainly among the Indians of the Sierra Gorda. He was then asked to head up the missions in California. This is the story of his work and the historic missions.
This book is a pseudepigraphical bible book that details the creation story written in Genesis. The First Book of Adam and Eve was in both the Septuagint and the original King James Bible. The story of Adam and Eve is synonymous with the introduction of sin, death, and deception into human existence, but the story of creation has far more depth. It is also about the power of temptation, the difficulty of overcoming obstacles, forgiveness, redemption, mercy and love. This story expresses the difficulties of battling Satan on your own and why you need God’s Word to guide you. Adam was born perfect and sincerely wanted to follow the teachings of God, yet even he needed God’s Word to lead him in his fight against Satan. The cunning deceiver Satan often beguiled Adam. The lying devil not only came to Eve in the serpent’s form, but he also comes to both Adam and Eve as apparitions on 13 different occasions in the book. He came as a beguiling angel of light, as an old man sent by God to help lead them, and as a beautiful maiden to sow dissent and discourse between them.
The surpassing beauty of this book betokens the personal attractiveness of its author and the dignity and importance of its theme. Luke wrote it, “the beloved physician,” and it concerns the life and saving work of our Lord. The phrase which describes the writer as “the physician, the beloved one,” is full of significance. It was penned by Paul, when a prisoner in Rome, to his friends in distant Colossæ. It shows that Luke was a man of culture and scientific training and that the charm of his character was so conspicuous as to be recognized by the Christian churches of Europe and of Asia. The connection in which this phrase occurs shows that Luke was not a Jew but a Gentile by birth, and further, that he was a close companion of Paul.
The Gospel of Luke is the most beautiful book in the world; at least, so it has been called, and those who know it best are not likely to dispute such praise. This little volume places the book in convenient form, and by an outline and brief comments to aid in focusing the thought of the reader upon the successive scenes of the gospel story. These are familiar scenes, but each review of them more vividly reveals the great central Figure as supreme among men in the matchless loveliness of his divine manhood, himself the perfect, the ideal Man.
The Imitation of Christ by Thomas à Kempis is a Christian devotional book. It was first composed in Latin ca.1418-1427. It is a handbook for spiritual life arising from the Devotio Moderna movement, where Kempis was a member. The Imitation is perhaps the most widely read devotional work next to the Bible and is regarded as a devotional and religious classic. Apart from the Bible, no book has been translated into more languages than the Imitation of Christ. It divides the text into four books, which provide detailed spiritual instructions: “Helpful Counsels of the Spiritual Life”, “Directives for the Interior Life”, “On Interior Consolation” and “On the Blessed Sacrament”. The approach taken in the Imitation is characterized by its emphasis on the interior life and withdrawal from the world, as opposed to an active imitation of Christ by other friars. The book places a high level of emphasis on the devotion to the Eucharist as a key element of spiritual life.
The Jesus of History is a religious study that has grown out of lectures upon the historical Jesus given in a good many cities in India during the winter 1915-16. The lectures were written in shorthand in Calcutta and revised in Madras; and most were re-written in the six following months by T. S. Glover.
This book begins with a study of the individual Jesus as a simple carpenter and his passion for nature and extracted what his life was like from historical accounts and Biblical scripture. In the beginning we get to know him as a mere man through the eyes of a citizen of the first century. The author builds a case for the amazing life of the man called Jesus and his incredible impact on humanity and builds up into the psychology of a man still bowed down to today.
Perhaps the most striking characteristic of the life of David is its romantic variety of circumstances. What a many-coloured career that was which began amidst the pastoral solitudes of Bethlehem, and ended in the chamber where the dying ears heard the blare of the trumpets that announced the accession of Bathsheba’s son! He passes through the most sharply contrasted conditions, and from each gathers some fresh fitness for his great work of giving voice and form to all the phases of devout feeling. The former shepherd life deeply influenced his character and has left its traces on many a line of his psalms.
“Love had he found in huts where poor men lie;
His daily teachers had been woods and rills;
The silence that is in the starry sky,
The sleep that is among the lonely hills.”
The story of the Old Missions of California is perennially new. The interest in the ancient and dilapidated buildings and their history increases with each year. To-day a thousand visit them where ten saw them twenty years ago, and twenty years hence, hundreds of thousands will stand in their sacred precincts, and unconsciously absorb beautiful and unselfish lessons of life as they hear some part of their history recited. It is well that this is so. A materially inclined nation needs to save every unselfish element in its history to prevent its going to utter destruction. It is essential to our spiritual development that we learn that
“Not on the vulgar mass
Called ‘work,’ must sentence pass,
Things done, that took the eye and had the price;
O’er which, from level stand,
The low world laid its hand,
Found straightway to its mind, could value in a trice.”
Among the California Missions the southern group form a natural unit, just as does, geographically, Southern California itself—the region covered by the familiar California formula, “South of the Tehachapi.” It is thought that this little set of tales, extracted from the larger work, The California Padres and Their Missions, in which Mr. Charles F. Saunders and the writer collaborated, may be welcomed by those many persons whose interest in Mission affairs is more or less limited to the five here included, which are, probably, the most notable, historically and architecturally, of the whole chain of these venerable monuments of Franciscan zeal.
J. S. C.
The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World, to That Which Is to Come, is a 1678 and 1684 Christian allegory written by John Bunyan. It is regarded as one of the most significant works of religious fiction in English literature. The work is a symbolic vision of the good man’s pilgrimage through life. At one time only to the Bible in popularity, The Pilgrim’s Progress is the most famous Christian allegory still in print. It was first published in the reign of Charles II and was largely written while it imprisoned its Puritan author for offenses against the Conventicle Act of 1593 (which prohibited the conducting of religious services outside the bailiwick of the Church of England).
For 300 years, The Pilgrim’s Progress has remained perhaps the best-loved and most read of devotional fictions. In plain yet powerful and moving language, Bunyan tells the story of Christian’s struggle to attain salvation and the Gates of Heaven. He must pass through the Slough of Despond, ward off the temptations of Vanity Fair, and fight the monstrous Apollyon. In Part II, his wife and children follow the same path, helped and protected by Great-heart, until for them, too, “the trumpets sound on the other side.”
This book comprises notes of several conversations had with, and letters written by Nicholas Herman, of Lorraine, a lowly and unlearned man, who, after having been a footman and soldier, was admitted a Lay Brother among the barefooted Carmelites at Paris in 1666, and was afterwards known as “Brother Lawrence.”
His conversion, which took place when he was about eighteen years old, was the result, under God, of the mere sight in midwinter, of a dry and leafless tree, and of the reflections it stirred respecting the change the coming spring would bring. From that time he grew eminent in the knowledge and love of GOD, endeavoring constantly to walk “as in His presence.” No wilderness wanderings seem to have intervened between the Red Sea and the Jordan of his experience. A wholly consecrated man, he lived his Christian life through as a pilgrim—as a steward and not as an owner, and died at eighty, leaving a name which has been as “ointment poured forth.”
The critical spirit, as we now use criticism, is not the spirit of worship. For the spirit of worship is moved by Faith—Faith supreme in God, but also faith in the words which we use, and in the people with whom we use them.
Thus the truest cure for Doubt is Worship. If my faith in a friend weakens, I must go to see him, to speak with him, to restore our mutual confidence and love. In like manner, if my faith in God through Christ weakens, I must go to Him, speak with Him, seek a return of the old confidence and love.
In the belief that God is calling us to know Him more perfectly by the Worship which we offer in heart and life, and in the confidence that our Branch of the Church has the guidance of the Indwelling Spirit, this book is dedicated to His glory.
This was an excellent, streaming, and capable book on Slavic most profound sense of being. It verbalized the otherworldly thoughts that were ingraining by family, and presents a clear and emotional vision of the Christian life and otherworldliness. The foremost beautiful segments emphasize the elemental community of all individuals, the sharing of sins and virtues and enduring, and the enchanted communion of the entire universe through the figure of Christ.
The Smalcald Articles or Schmalkald Articles (German: Schmalkaldische Artikel) summarizes Lutheran doctrine, written by Martin Luther in 1537. The Smalcald Articles were presented to the Lutheran princes at the Meeting of the defensive league they had organized in Smalcald in 1531. They used the Augsburg Confession and its Apology as the basis of their presentation at the council rather than Luther’s Articles. Melanchthon had expressed his reservations regarding the suitability of the Articles as a public confession. Most of the assembled theologians, however, subscribed to the document, accepting it as their confession. Luther wrote a preface outlining his program for reform the following year (1538), and they printed the Articles with a translation of Melanchthon’s Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope attached. In 1544 the Smalcald Articles were accepted in parts of Hesse as a defining confession of the church, alongside the Augsburg Confession.
The Story of a Soul conveys St Therese of Lisieux’s “Little Way” of spiritual childhood – her “elevator” to Heaven, as she called it. Pope Pius XI approved this method as a way for all to grow in holiness through unfailing confidence and childlike delight in God’s merciful love. In this book, St. Therese shows us how her “Little Way” of love and trust comes straight from Sacred Scripture. Pope St Pius X called St. Therese of Lisieux the “greatest Saint of modern times and said that this book should be in every Catholic home”.
From the very beginning of Story of a Soul, we learn that Therese’s life as a child had great suffering. She faced trials such as the death of a family member, life-threatening illness, and struggling to find the path that God had planned for her life. Her life was filled with hardships and tears, it’s what she did in the aftermath of despair that made her truly great. It can be extremely difficult to continue to push forward when feeling lost, confused, and even angry.
The following work offers in book form the series of studies on the question of the historicity of Jesus, presented from time to time before the Independent Religious Society in Orchestra Hall. No effort has been made to change the manner of the spoken, into the more regular form of the written, word.
M. M. MANGASARIAN.
None can ever understand the full power of prayer until they have learned the lesson of trust. It is only when, for the first time in the Christian’s own life of faith; it realizes the hand of God in his personal dealings with him, how near He is, or how he feels that tremendous overruling Spirit which “Turneth the heart whithersoever He will.”
The actual existence of our God is therefore proved, not alone from History, nor from the Bible alone, nor from current natural or religious feeling and beliefs, nor from the testimony of old witnesses several thousand years old, but from the actual incidents of present prayer, and the literal answer. Daily faith and trust and prayer have made the Christian deeply acquainted with Him and his ways, and humbly dependent upon his care and love and help in the events of life. No one ever faithfully trusted the Lord in vain.
The World English Bible is an update of the American Standard Version of 1901. Work on the World English Bible began in 1997 with the translation method being primarily a word-for-word equivalence to, and based on the 1901 American Standard Version, the Greek Majority Text, the Hebrew Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia with minor adjustments made because of alternative readings found in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Septuagint. The World English Bible project is a non-copyrighted modern English Bible version that does not use archaic English, like the King James Version, or is a simplified version like the Bible In Basic English.
NEWLY ADDED BOOKS
In the fullness of time the Christian religion sprang out of Judaism; as a fact, indeed, of divine revelation, but also inseparably joined by innumerable threads with the previous thousand years of Israel’s history. No incident in the gospel story, no word in the preaching of Jesus Christ, is intelligible apart from its setting in Jewish history, and without a clear understanding of that world of thought-distinction of the Jewish people.
The American Standard Version (ASV), also known as the Standard American Edition, Revised Version, is a Bible translation into English that was completed in 1901 with the publication of the revision of the Old Testament; the revised New Testament had been released in 1900. It was originally known by its full name, but soon came to have alternative names, such as the American Standard Revision, American Revised Version, the American Standard Revised Bible, and the American Standard Edition. By the time its copyright was renewed in 1929, it had happened to be known by its present name, the American Standard Version. Because of its prominence in seminaries, it was sometimes simply called the “Standard Bible” in the United States.
This volume comprises an analysis of the roots of Christianity and the impact that other religions had on its form. Volume One encompasses pre-Christian Gnosticism, Orphic cults and the religions of Egypt and Persia in the Hellenistic era. This work will be of importance to one with a passion in ancient religion and the evolution of Christianity.
The book Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible brings exceptional depth to familiar Scriptural passages. Matthew Henry skillfully presents the cultural and historical background for each book of the Bible, constantly starting with a brief summary of the book’s setting. This work is an abridgment of Henry’s greatest work, so the text is less burdensome than that of the original publication, yet it might still require a little patience from the reader. Though using this commentary is well worth the effort, and those who read its contents will not be disappointed.
Matthew Henry’s Commentary has been a favorite of preachers, teachers and laypeople. His rich exposition or Complete Commentary and useful applications are perfect for devotional reading and sermon help. It also provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation. Matthew Henry combines practical application, devotional insight, and scholarship on the entire Bible. Henry has profound insights on the content, message and nature of God’s divine revelation. Perfect for all readers of the Bible who want an attractive hardcover set of this classic commentary.
The Scofield Reference Bible is an extensively distributed study Bible revised and annotated by the American Bible scholar Cyrus I. Scofield, which popularized dispensationalism at the start point of the 20th century. Published by Oxford University Press and comprising the full content of the traditional, Protestant King James Version, it first came out in 1909 and was revised by the author in 1917.
The Scofield Reference Bible promoted dispensationalism, the belief that between creation and the final judgment there would be seven distinct eras of God’s dealing with man and that these eras are a scheme for incorporating the word of the Bible. Widely through the sway of Scofield’s notes, many fundamentalist Christians in the United States adopted a dispensational theology. Scofield’s notes on the Book of Revelation are a principal source for the various timetables, judgments, and plagues elaborated on by famous religious writers such as Hal Lindsey, Edgar C. Whisenant, and Tim LaHaye; and in part because of the success of the Scofield Reference Bible, twentieth-century American fundamentalists placed higher stress on eschatological belief.
The Jerusalem Bible is an English translation of the Bible published in 1966 by Darton, Todd and Longman. This Catholic Bible, it consists of 73 books: the 39 books shared with the Hebrew Bible, along with the seven deuterocanonical books as the Old Testament, and the 27 books shared by all Christians as the New Testament. It also contains copious footnotes and introductions.
The Jerusalem Bible is the basis of the lectionary for Mass used in Catholic worship throughout England, Wales, and the majority of the English-speaking field outside the United States and Canada, though the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales has approved other translations for conditional sacramental use and will now be transitioning to the English Standard Version.
Classic study offers understanding of ancient religious cults, their appeal and eventual failure in the face of Christianity. Eleusinian Mysteries of Greece; Attis and Magna Mater; Dionysian groups; Egyptian Cults of Isis and Osiris; and others.
Each of these religions offered something to its followers that the older ethnic and present religions could not: a sense of the value of the individual; heightened areas of experience, even to the manipulations of sensory experience; psychological insights that are now being appreciated. Yet they all ended out within a couple of centuries of the Christian era, Gnosticism (apart from a few vestigial groups in the Near East and Europe) subsuming their heritage last.
The Twelve Conclusions of the Lollards are preserved in their original English form (other Latin summaries survive) in Roger Dymok’s “Against the Twelve Heresies” of the Lollards, an elaborate refutation of each of the heresies, written in 1396-97 for Richard II. The original conclusions were presented to parliament (which took no action) and posted at St. Paul’s Cross.
The text that follows is literally translated from the Middle English, at the cost of some archaisms and obscurities, a few of which are explained in italicized glosses.
Young’s Literal Translation is a translation of the Bible into English, published in 1862. Robert Young, compiler of Young’s Analytical Concordance to the Bible and Concise Critical Commentaries on the New Testament, made the translation. Young used the Masoretic Text and Textus Receptus as the basis for his translation. He wrote in the preface to the first edition, “It has been no part of the Translator’s plan to form a New Hebrew or Greek Text—he has therefore somewhat rigidly adhered to the received ones.” Young produced a “Revised Version” of his translation in 1887, but he stuck with the Received Text. He wrote in the preface to the Revised Edition, “The Greek Text followed is that recognized as the ‘Received Text,’ not because it looks perfect, but because the department of Translation is somewhat definite from that of textual criticism, and few are qualified for both. If the original text be altered by a translator reader in uncertainty whether the translation given is to be considered as that of the old or of the new reading. "A new Revised Edition was released ten years after Robert Young’s death on October 14, 1888. The 1898 version was based on the Textus Receptus, easily confirmed by the word “bathe” in Revelation 1:5 and the word “again” in Revelation 20:5. The “Publishers’ Note to the Third Edition” explains, “The work has been subjected to a fresh revision, making no adjustment on the principles on which the Translation proceeds, but endeavoring to carry out it as nearly perfect in point of accuracy on its present lines as possible.”
The “Ancient Hebrew Calendar” is a lunisolar calendar that depends on both the moon and the sun to calculate its durations. The calendar uses both the Hebrew names and the transliterated English names for the holy/set-apart days, the new moons (lunar months) and the days of the week. Don’t just learn the dates of the Scripturally Ordained Festivals, learn their significance as well.
Wisdom Magazine is a quarterly magazine wherein we discuss various far-reaching fascinating religious topics.
We based the Scriptural Creation Timeline on the works of the “Father of Chronology” Sextus Julius Africanus, with additional support from the genealogies in Septuagint. Creation is placed on March 25, 5500 BC, the Great Flood in 3238 BC, the Incarnation of the Messiah on March 25, 1 AD, his Birth on December 29, 1 AD and his Crucifixion and Resurrection in April, 32 AD.
This Bible Study program allows users to examine parallel Bible verse translations from 7 Bibles Side-by-Side. It shows how various translations interpreted the same scriptural texts. The software comprises a word-for-word translation from different well-known Bibles, and includes the ability to take, save and print notes. This software also includes both a built in Bible dictionary and a detailed Bible commentary.
The King James Hebrew – Greek Interlinear Bible is a software program that consist of the Hebrew and Greek words with their direct English translation as used in the King James Version (1769) Bible. This program displays the various English words that could be translated from the same Hebrew or Greek Word. The program includes the ability to take, save and print notes and also includes both a built in Bible dictionary and a detailed Bible commentary.