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HINDUISM

A SERIES OF Lessons in Gnani Yoga
A SERIES OF Lessons in Raja Yoga
An Introduction to Yoga
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Hindu Law and Judicature
Hindu Tales from the Sanskrit
Nala and Damayanti and Other Poems
Tales from the Hindu Dramatists
The Doctrine and Practice of Yoga
THE HINDU-YOGI Science of Breath
The Loves of Krishna in Indian Painting and Poetry
The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Adi Parva 
The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Sabha Parva
The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Vana Parva, Part I
The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Vana Parva, Part II
The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Virata Parva 
The Song Celestial; The Song Celestial; or, Bhagavad-Gita
The Vedanta-Sutras with the Commentary of Râmânuja
The Vedanta-Sutras with the Commentary by Sankaracarya 
Two Old Faiths

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The Vedas

The Vedas are the most ancient religious passages which define truth for Hindus. They had their present form between 1200-200 BCE and were introduced to India by the Aryans. Hindus believe that the texts or passages were received by scholars direct from God and passed on to the next generations by word of mouth.

The Vedas are divided into four which are the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Each Veda has four subdivisions it is the Samhitas where it consists the hymns of praises to God, the Aranyakas (text on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices and symbolic-sacrifices), the Brahmanas are prayer and rituals to guide the priests in their duties and the Upanishads consist of the mystical and philosophical teachings of Hinduism. Some scholars continue a fifth category–the Upasanas or worship. The texts of the Upanishads discuss ideas akin to the heterodox sramana-traditions.

Vedas are śruti (“what is heard”), distinguishing them from other religious texts, which are called smṛti (“what is remembered”). Hindus consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya, which means “not of a man, superhuman” and “impersonal, authorless,” revelations of sacred sounds and texts heard by ancient sages after intense meditation.

The Vedas