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Wisdom eBooks Club



The Mormon Doctrine of Deity

The Mormon Doctrine of Deity

Christianity and Mormon Culture

The Mormonism that originated with Joseph Smith in the 1820s shared strong similarities with some elements of nineteenth-century Protestant Christianity. Mormons believe that God, through Smith and his successors, restored various doctrines and practices that were lost from the original Christianity taught by Jesus. For example, Smith, as a result of his “First Vision”, primarily rejected the Nicene doctrine of the Trinity and instead taught that God the Father, his son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost are three distinct “personages”.
While the largest Mormon denomination, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), acknowledges its differences with mainstream Christianity, it also focuses on its commonalities such as its focus on faith in Christ, following the teachings of Jesus Christ, the miracle of the atonement, and many other doctrines.

Brigham Henry Roberts

  • Brigham Roberts was born on March 13, 1857, in Warrington, Lancashire, England, and died on September 27, 1933, in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. He characterized his childhood as horror and his adolescence as a catastrophe in one of his later published works. His father, Benjamin Roberts, was an alcoholic ship plater and blacksmith, and his mother, Ann Everington, was a seamstress. Just after he was born, his father and mother converted to the Latter-Day Saints Church.
  • He left England in April 1866 aided by the Perpetual Emigrating Fund along with his sister, where they joined a wagon train in Nebraska and walked most of the way to Salt Lake City, Utah to meet their mother.
  • In 1867, Seth Dustin baptized Roberts into the LDS Church, and in 1869 he wed Roberts’ mother, Ann. Ann was granted a divorce in 1884 because Dustin had long since deserted the family. Roberts liked Utah and settled in a town called Bountiful, which he considered home.
  • As a young adult, he worked as a laborer in the mines. He, like most of the young men In Bountiful, took a liking to drinking and gambling. Later on, he learned to read and got an apprenticeship as a blacksmith while he was in school. After a life of only menial jobs, he had found his calling. He became especially zealous about reading and voraciously read many publications Including the Book of Mormon and other Mormon theological texts and publications on philosophy, history, and science. He graduated at the top of his class from the University of Deseret in 1878. Soon afterward he wed Sarah Louisa Smith, and they had 7 children.

Published Works

  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857.1933: Corianton: A Nephite Story
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: Defense of the Faith and the Saints (Volume 1 of 2)
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: Defense of the Faith and the Saints (Volume 2 of 2)
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: The gospel. an exposition of Its first principles, (Salt Lake City, George Q. Cannon & Sons Co., 1893)
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: The gospel. An exposition of its first principles, (Salt Lake City, The Contributor Company, 1888)
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: The Gospel: an exposition of its first principles; and man’s relationship to Deity / (Salt Lake City, Utah: The Deseret news, 1901)
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: The Gospel: An Exposition of its First Principles: Revised and Enlarged Edition
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. (Salt Lake City, Utah, Deseret News, 1902-1932), also by Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933: The Mormon Doctrine of Deity: The Roberts-Van Der Donckt Discussion

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The Church and the Empire

The Church and the Empire

Being an outline of the church from A.D. 1003 to A.D. 1304

From its inception, the Christian Church has had a reciprocal relationship with empires and royal authority. Christianity developed within the Roman Empire; they constructed it amid persecution and martyrdom by imperial power.
The medieval and early modern times saw notions of empire as both a speculative system of rulership and a political-theological order. This included notions of papal dominium through universal authority and Christ/the pope as dominus mundi – and developing perceptions of ‘regnal imperialism’, with ‘the king as emperor in his own kingdom’.
Professor of sociology Dr. Alvin Schmidt notes Elwood Cubberly’s view that the scriptural teachings of Jesus Christ challenged “almost everything for which the Roman world had stood” (How Christianity Changed the World, Schmidt, p. 44). Dr. James Kennedy writes, “Life was expendable prior to Christianity’s influence.
In those days abortion was rampant. Abandonment was commonplace: It was common for infirm babies or unwanted little ones to be taken out into the forest or the mountainside, to be consumed by wild animals or to starve. They often abandoned female babies because women were considered inferior” (What If Jesus Had Never Been Born?, pp. 9–11).
The Romans promoted brutal gladiatorial contests where thousands of slaves, condemned criminals and prisoners of war mauled and slaughtered each other for the amusement of cheering audiences. Roman authors indicate that “sexual activity between men and women had become highly promiscuous and essentially depraved before and during the time that Christians appeared in Roman society” and that homosexuality was widespread among pagan Greeks and Romans, especially men with boys (Schmidt, pp. 79–86). Women were relegated to a low status in society, where they received little schooling, could not speak in public and were viewed as the property of their husbands (Schmidt, pp. 97–102).

Change Not Always Voluntary

Christianity held many biblical teachings in its canons, traditions and doctrines, but it was a blended religion that combined some of Jesus’ scriptural teachings with the beliefs, practices, and philosophies of many of the peoples it wanted to convert.

Many intellectuals who realize the benefits that professing Christianity contributed to the world as its influence widened also recognize that this growing influence was usually achieved by unbiblical and unchristian measures through movements such as the Spanish Inquisition which sought to forcibly convert Jews and Muslims to Catholicism. The religion that spread Christ’s name was often not Christ like as they demonstrated by their launching of the Crusades and other militaristic attempts to establish areas where its influence could expand.
Burnings at the stake, beheadings, hangings and other executions of heretics and those unwilling to convert were characteristic of both the Roman Catholic and Protestant strains Professing Christianity (Schmidt, p. 293). The theology that was changing the world was called “Christianity,” but it was not the religion of Jesus Christ.

Impact on Modern World

Still, the impact of that religion continues to be visible in Western civilization today. Historians of professing Christianity have noted that “by the Middle Ages, Christianity had shaped Western culture, and it would continue to influence culture wherever [its teachings] spread” (Seven Revolutions, Aquilina & Papandrea, pp. 6–7). The charity encouraged by biblical teachings eventually blossomed into hospitals, orphanages, homes for the elderly and care for the poor, the hungry and the homeless (Schmidt, pp. 147–148).

Many of our finest and most distinguished universities were established for “Christian” purposes. And while critics claim the Christian religion impeded the growth of science, history says otherwise. Dr. Rodney Stark, a professor of sociology and comparative religion, states, “the leading scientific figures in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries overwhelmingly were devout Christians who believed it was their duty to comprehend God’s handiwork” (For the Glory of God, p. 123).
Unlike the godless religions of Asia and the capricious gods of other faiths, the God of the Bible was a rational Being whose creation operated on laws that were discoverable and could be applied to solving problems for the benefit of mankind, an understanding “essential for the rise of science” (Stark, p. 123).
Modern, atheistic critics can sneer at the doctrines of the Bible and the superstitions of professing Christianity, but they do so while benefitting from living in a society based on many of the principles they despise. Although Christianity appears to be in decline at this time, the Bible foretells that this apostate, professing Christianity will later gain power, not just to influence the world, but to conquer it, on a route that will put it in conflict with the true Christianity it has undertaken to leave behind. And in maybe the turning point in history that the dissemination of Christianity represented may foretell a stronger turning point to come.

D. J. Medley, M.A

  • Dudley Julius Medley (D.J. Medley) was born on March 31, 1861 in Paddington, London, England and died on October 14, 1953. He was the 2nd son of Lieutenant-General Julius George Medley, Royal Engineers, and Adelaide Steele, daughter of Colonel James Steele, CB and married Isabel Alice (Gibbs) Medley in 1890 in England.
  • D.J. Medley was educated at Wellington College 1875-80; matric at Oxford (Keble College) October 1880; 1st Class Modern History and BA 1883; MA 1887; Hon LLD Glasgow University 1931.
  • He became a lecturer and tutor at Keble College, where they gave him the nickname “Deadly Muddly”, before coming to Glasgow in 1899. He was a Professor of Modern History at the University of Glasgow from 1899 until 1931 and then became Chairman of the University Appointments Committee for many years before they awarded him an LLD in 1931.
  • He threw himself into the life of Glasgow University, encouraging the General Council to take a more active role in its affairs; serving for sixteen years as Honorary President of the Athletic Club and introducing the annual conversazione at which graduates met members of the Court and Senate. He set up a class library in the Department of History, the first in the University, and founded the History Club. The son of a Lieutenant-General, Medley took a great interest in the Officer Training Corps and became Chairman of the Military Education Committee at the University and of the Central Organization Military Education Committees. He was also a member of the Glasgow School Board.

Most widely held works of D. J. Medley

  • A student’s manual of English constitutional history by D. J Medley
    – 58 editions published between 1894 and 2011 in English and held by 1,565 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
    – Intended for the student, this overview digs deep into British history to present a clear account of how constitutional law was developed and then evolved. Starting from Roman, Teutonic, and Celtic roots, Medley considers land, tenure, feudalism, royalty, privy councils and star chambers, treason, the origins of Parliament, as well as the judiciary
  • Bibliography of British history; the eighteenth century, 1714-1789 by Stanley Pargellis( Book )
    – 27 editions published between 1951 and 1977 in English and German and held by 839 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
  • “A Dialogue between Joseph Smith and the Devir, 1844
  • Essays introductory to the study of English constitutional history by Henry Offley Wakeman
    – 18 editions published between 1887 and 1911 in English and held by 735 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
  • Original illustrations of English constitutional history by D. J Medley
    – 22 editions published between 1910 and 2010 in English and Latin and held by 565 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
    – Contains “selected documents suitable to the needs of the ordinary student”—Preface
  • The church and the empire, being an outline of the history of the church from A.D. 1003 to A.D. 1304 by D. J Medley
    – 14 editions published between 1910 and 2015 in English and held by 334 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
  • A student’s manual of English constitutional history by D. J Medley
    – 3 editions published between 1898 and 1907 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
  • Essays introductory to the study of English constitutional history, by resident members of the University of Oxford by Henry Offley Wakeman( Book )
    – 4 editions published between 1887 and 1911 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Christianity and Islam

Christianity and Islam

Similarity and Differences of Christianity and Islam

GodOnly one god – called AllahOnly one God – a triune being called God or Jehovah
JesusA prophet who was virgin-born, but not the Son of GodDivine son of God who was virgin-born. He is God’s Word and Savior to humanity
CrucifixionJesus was not crucified. Someone was substituted for Jesus and He hid until He could meet with the disciplesA fact of history that is necessary for the atonement of sin and the salvation of believers
Jesus’ ResurrectionSince Muslims do not believe in the Crucifixion, there is no need to believe in the ResurrectionA fact of history that signifies God’s victory over sin and death
TrinityA blasphemy signifying belief in three gods. In Islam, the Trinity is mistakenly thought to be God, Jesus, and MaryThe one God is eternally revealed in three coequal and coeternal persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit
SinSin is disobedience to the established law. Sin does not grieve Allah.Sin is rebellion against God. Sin grieves God
ManMan is created by Allah and is sinlessMan is created in God’s image and is sinful by nature
SalvationSalvation is achieved by submitting to the will of Allah. There is no assurance of salvation – it is granted by Allah’s mercy aloneSalvation is a gift accepted by faith in the atonement of Jesus Christ on the Cross and provided through God’s grace
BibleMuslims accept the Bible (especially the Pentateuch, Psalms, and Gospels) insofar as it agrees with the Qur’anThe Bible is the inspired Word of God that is complete and not to be added to
Qur’an (Koran)A later revelation that supersedes and corrects errors in the BibleNot accepted as divine revelation

Carl Heinrich Becker

His Works:

  • Ibn Gauzi’s Manaqib Omar Ibn’ Abdelaziz (Dissertation, 1899)
  • Beitrage zur Geschichte Agyptens unter dem Islam (2 vols., 1902- 1903)
  • Papyri Schott-Reinhardt: Veroffentlichungen aus der Heidelberger Papyrus‐ Sammlung, Vol. 1 ( 1906)
  • Der Kanzel im Kultus des alten Islam (1906)
  • Christentum und Islam (1907)
  • L’Islam et la Colonisation de l’Afrique (1910)
  • Gedanken zur Hochschulreform (1919)
  • Kulturpolitische Aufgaben des Reichs (1919)
  • Kant und die Bildungskrise der Gegenwart (1924)
  • Islamstudien: Vom Werden und Wesen der islamischen Welt (2 vols., 1924- 1932)
  • Vom Wesen der deutschen Universitaet (1925)
  • Die preussische Kunstpolitik und der Fall Schilling (1925)
  • Die Paedagogische Akademie im Aufbau unseres nationalen Bildungswesens (1926)
  • Zu Beethovens 100. Todestag (1927)

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